Solar Resource for High Penetration and Large Scale Applications

The object of Task 16 is to lower barriers and costs of grid integration of PV and to lower planning and investment costs for PV by enhancing the quality of the forecasts and the resources assessment.

Australian Lead

John Boland


John is currently Professor of Environmental Mathematics and Director of the Centre for Industrial and Applied Mathematics at the University of South Australia

John’s research covers a wide range of areas in what can be termed environmental mathematics, from water resource management to renewable energy utilisation to the mathematics and statistical analysis of energy efficient house design to environmental accounting.  One of the tools he and his team has constructed, the Boland-Ridley-Lauret diffuse radiation model, is used by the Bureau of Meteorology to construct gridded solar data for the whole of Australia, and thus is used for the evaluation of solar projects throughout the country. It is also used in the Meteonorm software for similar work throughout the world.  

His work on short term solar forecasting resulted in his being part of the International Energy Agency Task 46 on solar forecasting, comprised of the foremost experts in the field.  He is also a member of IEA Task 16, focusing on Solar Resource for High Penetration Photovoltaic usage. He is presently a member of a consortium working on improving the forecasting of five-minute output from solar farms, funded by ARENA.  He has been Director of Resource Assessment and Climate for the International Solar Energy Society, and past Editor for Energy Meteorology for Renewable Energy journal.  He is a Fellow of the Modelling and Simulation Society of Australia and New Zealand, and of the Australian Institute of Energy.  

Australian Contributors

Merlinde Kay


Merlinde is currently a senior lecturer within the School of Photovoltaic and Renewable Energy Engineering. She has over 15 years experience in various aspects of atmospheric/environmental science, weather forecasting and modelling. Her recent area of expertise is in the Energy Meteorology space. She has also worked as a weather risk analyst in the private sector for Weather Risk Management Services (WRMS). This position involved preparing meteorological forecasts with a specific focus on precise and accurate predictions of temperature and wind conditions for the energy sector, as well as preparing corporate reports and seasonal forecasts.

Merlinde is currently working on Task 16: Solar Resource for High Penetration and Large Scale Applications.

Jing Huang


An atmospheric physicist, Jing is the Principal Scientist at Solcast and was formally a senior research scientist at CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere.

Jing has been an Australian expert in the IEA SHC Task 46 “Solar Resource Assessment and Forecasting” (2012-2016) and is a current expert on the IEA PVPS Task 16 “Solar resource for high penetration and large scale applications” (2017-2023). Jing’s expertise and research interests focus on solar and wind resource modelling and renewable energy integration.